Category Archives: Oral History

Art+Village+City: On the Anecdote

Posted on by Genise Choy

Art+Village+City in the Pearl River Delta is one of two interdisciplinary courses being sponsored by the Global Urban Humanities Initiative in Spring 2015. Students in this research studio are utilizing a variety of research methods from interviews to video documentation to explore the ongoing evolution of relationships between urban and rural spaces and people, and the emerging role of the arts in China’s Pearl River Delta.

This week in the studio we worked on two common forms of fieldwork representation that are often overlooked: the single photograph, and the anecdote. Each student took a single photograph and told a single anecdote. In our studio crit, we reflected upon what an anecdote or a photograph can and cannot do as a form of research representation. At issue are questions of narrative and image, both in our own making of images and anecdotes, and in our framing and telling of them.
— Winnie Wong

“Upon first hearing this assignment I began to frantically think about which anecdote to tell: something from childhood, something from fieldwork during college, something from fieldwork in Johannesburg, or Durban, or Empangeni. And this led me to think more about memory and the temporal aspect of the anecdote. How a story unfolds linearly in the present while attempting to retell something from the past. Anecdotes are made meaningful only through their relation to the present—their contextualization in a current conversation.”
— Brittany Birberick (Anthropology)

“[Selecting to research] something that appears at first glance, uninteresting to most or utterly banal: In doing so, we are forced to consider a source or an event’s relevance, thinking more critically about its place within a large context and how we might articulate its significance in comparison to more ‘extraordinary’ events. By doing this we are able to reconceptualize the importance of something that initially seemed unimportant while also, in some instances, demystifying that, which for whatever reason may have seemed more extraordinary. Jose’s anecdote exemplified this static. His anecdote began with a photograph that in the moment it was taken was merely a record of his fourth birthday. However, looking at this ‘ordinary’ event from a more critical perspective, taking into account all that it represented of Jose himself, Jose was able to make this photo speak in a way that expressed various levels of complexity.”
— Katie Bruhn (Southeast Asian Studies)

“My approach to the anecdote was to translate a banal, specific and relatable personal memory into a complex read that allowed a bigger understanding of an image in time with all of it details. Through the process of ekphrasis I transformed my personal discovery into a written paragraph. Although, I am happy with the result I can’t help but wonder the degree to which I am purposely manipulating the reader through the process of story telling…. Although it can be argued that a text is also never static as its read will vary depending on the reader and the date in which its read, what I enjoy about the casual story telling is that it’s always open to different iterations and the story is never completely the same. Its written form succeeds in capturing and preserving a moment of the story in time (not unlike a photograph), yet it fails in allowing this story to flow and restructure itself depending on the context it gets to be shared. Storytelling is intrinsically performative yet the line between the spontaneous and the scripted is blurred in the moment. There is no physical evidence of an artifice.”
— Jose Figueroa (Art Practice)

“The question that kept arising: what is the difference between an anecdote and a story? I have always had the sense that an anecdote is something which bubbles up spontaneously in conversation and is told/listened to, rather than written/read. But in the context of our research, it takes on a different meaning. The anecdote is a depiction of certain details and textures of everyday life which are scalable, or recognizable as pieces in the larger mosaic. …Each person’s anecdote illuminated things about them, not only by the story and its tone, but by the fact that it was that story which was chosen. This circles back to the question of self-¬reflexivity which keeps coming up in each of our projects, ie. where is the author and how have they represented themselves?“
— Story Wiggins (Landscape Architecture)

“The best anecdotes this week were not necessarily the most well written, but they were the ones in which I could see the storyteller through the words on the on hand, or captured a climax, a moment in which a feeling emerges on the other hand. I really connected with Story’s anecdote. Although I may not know much about her past I felt a strong connection to the struggle or broader atmosphere she painted for us. There was a way in which her anecdote is built up and vividly described through places and people.… Although such a complex build-up was not present in many of the anecdotes, others also chose a singular moment around which the anecdote was built. Valentina creates this moment in the office, in which time freezes around her as she struggles to not necessarily answer the fairly direct question but creates an inner dialogue about a much more complex dilemma she is facing. Unlike the three dimensional or atmospheric ways in which some of the anecdotes were told, Jose paints a self portrait of himself through is description of this photograph he found, describing the tragic irony of this moment.“
— Trude Renwick (Architecture)

“Susan’s anecdote about being interviewed by two Asian students made sense and was impactful in part because it was told in the context of our class having just done interviews ourselves and having had multiple conversations about cultural differences and social categorization. We, her audience, all understood how to interpret the anecdote because of the context made up of our shared experience in the studio course. On the other hand, José’s anecdote was arguably told without context, except that he gave us hints of context embedded within his anecdote that helped the listener understand what was being illustrated by the photograph (which in many ways was itself an anecdote) in his story…Thus, I would argue that it is not enough to tell a story and call it an anecdote. What makes a story an anecdote is its relationship to a larger context and that context must be understood by the listener to make the anecdote work (otherwise it’s just a story, even if it’s a very good story).”
— Genise Choy (City Planning)

“Telling Brittany’s story was an ethnographic exercise; I acted like she had told me her story in the field. In the retelling of the account, I realized it was amusing because people were laughing. Perhaps because Brittany had already told her own story and there was something about telling someone else’s anecdote that was humorous.”
— Annie Malcolm (Anthropology)

“Meeting Mary Ann O’Donnell was really interesting in terms of these assignments as she constantly takes anecdotes and snapshots from her everyday experience and turns them into material for her blog, Shenzhen Noted. When walking with her and Ettore on campus, I felt like I was in the presence of someone closely and constantly observing her surroundings both critically and with delight. It started when I met her in the City Club. She looked up from her laptop and before saying hello asked whether or not I believed in environmental determinism. Then she contrasted the murkiness of Shenzhen air and social/political space with the appearance of clarity and even rationality of Berkeley. She said she wished she did believe, but she didn’t. So since meeting her I’ve been wondering, in a similarly comparative way, what it would be like to be an ethnographer living in and taking Berkeley as a subject?”
— Susan Eberhard (Art History)

The Albany Bulb and Ephemeral Layers of Territory

Posted on by Genise Choy

As part of the Global Urban Humanities Initiative Colloquium called Reading Cities, Sensing Cities we have asked students and visitors to write responses to each of the weekly guest lectures.

October 30, 2014
Nature, Culture, and Conflict at a Shoreline Landfill: The Albany Bulb
Susan Moffat (Global Urban Humanities Initiative)

Moffat presented on The Atlas of the Albany Bulb, her oral history and mapping project about a landfill on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay, which has been the location of bitter battles between people holding different notions of the proper uses of public space, and of what a park should be.

by Scott Elder

The Albany Bulb is not on everyone’s mental map. As a Bay Area native, I had never heard of it before enrolling here at UC Berkeley where it has acquired a certain long-standing focus of attention being at the confluence of heated local politics and bay-side ecological, preservation, recreation priorities. Susan Moffat’s lecture on the Bulb begins with the statement: the Bay is young. This is true, though it predates our familiar European settlement patterns by several thousand years, yet those same settlement patterns effectively continue the process of creating the Bay.

The Bulb is made of “fill” which, as we explored, is a generic name for a wide array of potential conditions affecting formerly open water or marsh space. “Fill,” as an idea, can also explode into a tangle of legal intentions too, but the fact beneath all this is that the Bulb is comprised of different elements from disparate places; be they disassembled, scooped, broken, accumulated or dredged, they have formed this small peninsula in an accretionary process. As the Bulb was not here during the Bay’s infancy, nor here even one hundred years ago, and will likely not be here a century into the future due to predicted sea level rise, it can only be understood in section as a temporarily physical story of layers, mostly manmade. It seems acutely ironic, in this case, that the actual human element living upon and adding to these layerings are now being required to leave.

Two questions/comments posed by listeners at the end of the lecture stuck with me. To paraphrase:

  1. The Bulb and its former residents/occupants should not be thought of as obligated to create a place that is comfortable for absolutely everyone.
  2. The former residents/occupants slowly overtook the available space and paths on the Bulb; therefore, regulating the shared qualities of the place became a problem.

These two opposing stances illustrate the root of the schism leading to increased levels of control at the Bulb, and ultimately the conversion to official park space, purportedly the most democratic, all-serving possibility. But I would challenge that the traditional idea of democratic park (design and management) might be able to take on a different strategy if it refocused on this idea of ephemerality embodied in the land of the Bulb itself.

In Rubble: the Afterlife of Destruction, Gastón R. Gordillo examines a wide array of pileups from past forces of capital acting upon the Chaca region of Argentina. While taking care to decouple the idea of “rubble” from the cleansed idea of “ruin,” Gordillo illuminates a continuum of accumulation from crumbling churches to abandoned infrastructure to buried bones of past massacres to memories of native lifeways built into the identities of the Gaucho culture of the territory. It seems that if this sort of wide-angled view were taken of the Bulb, accepting of its multi-layered temporality, and this view could then expand the concept of “park,” then the comments above might cease to be opposing. The idea of “fill” could then become more culturally accurate, and the idea of “park” could be young once again, like the Bay itself, before folding in as yet another layer of this transitory and charged place.

Scott Elder is a PhD candidate in the UC Berkeley Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning.

Bay Area Landscapes and the Conflict Over Open Space

Posted on by Genise Choy

As part of the Global Urban Humanities Initiative Colloquium called Reading Cities, Sensing Cities we have asked students and visitors to write responses to each of the weekly guest lectures.

October 30, 2014
Nature, Culture, and Conflict at a Shoreline Landfill: The Albany Bulb
Susan Moffat (Global Urban Humanities Initiative)

Moffat presented on The Atlas of the Albany Bulb, her oral history and mapping project about a landfill on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay, which has been the location of bitter battles between people holding different notions of the proper uses of public space, and of what a park should be.

by Alana MacWhorter

Susan Moffat, project director of the Global Urban Humanities Initiative at UC Berkeley, presented an overview of the politics and history of Albany Bulb this past week through her work, The Atlas of the Albany Bulb-- an oral history and mapping project of the Bulb and the community formed on the repurposed Bay fill landscape.

Source: Susan Moffat

The complex rhetoric framing the site’s interweaving cultural and natural landscapes sheds light on the deeply emotional conflict over open space management and the displacement of the Bulb’s temporary residents. In order to thoughtfully delve into the politics of the contested Albany Bulb, we must reflect on the impact of overarching competing Bay Area narratives by environmentalists, social justice activists and bohemians. All of these are juxtaposed to expose a lack of intersecting discourses addressing these landscape typologies embedded with conceptions of divergent cultural and ecological meaning. Therefore, our contemporary activists are without the necessary toolkits to address both the aesthetics of and access to “wilderness” within the region, as well as the politics of representation in such landscapes.

This spurs self-critique--are we a progressive region accepting of hybrid landscapes of “wilderness” and diverse groups of people, or are we only comfortable within our own homogeneous niches? Must we feel comfortable in every context and with all groups of people and types of environments? If that’s not necessary, must we still continue to intensify the stark binaries of such environments, or can we acknowledge and respect the proclaimed multicultural, ecologically diverse landscapes that comprise the Bay Area?

Alana MacWhorter is a graduate student at the UC Berkeley College of Environmental Design working toward a joint degree in Landscape Architecture and Urban Design.